The world’s stupidest police investigation, aka What the hell’s happening in Lithuania?

Last summer, in a dank underground car park in the middle of Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, three women staged an art performance.

It ended with them singing their country’s national anthem with a couple of changes: the word “fatherland” becoming “motherland”, a line praising the country’s “sons”  turned around to praise its “daughters”.

As a feminist protest, it was a world away from Pussy Riot, and it received little more than polite applause at the time.

But this year, a far-right group stumbled across a YouTube video of the performance  and complained to the police. And now – madly, unbelievably – the three women are being investigated for “desecrating state symbols”. They face a maximum two years prison.

This is in a country that belongs to the EU. This is in a country with a female president.

“It’s absurd,” Aira Leonidovna, 25, says by email, somewhat understating the situation. “I wanted to show our anthem does not mention women, and it’s evidence our traditions are still misogynistic in a way. But it’s clear ultra-patriots here want to censor us.

“It seems strange that the anthem’s protected by law. It’s like it’s a six-year-old girl who’s so sensitive one word can insult her.”

Aira and her friends have been made to give statements to the police and told to get a lawyer. The person prosecuting them is also trying to get Lithuania’s Language Commission involved – an official body that can apparently confirm whether changing a few words in the anthem is a crime.

I mentioned the case to Canadian senator Nancy Ruth recently. She’s the politician behind an ongoing campaign to get women mentioned in Canada’s national anthem. She couldn’t believe a modern country would carry out an investigation like this. I mentioned Lithuanian’s president was a woman. “It’s not just genitalia that defines how people think unfortunately,” she said.

I’m hoping Nancy gets involved next time Canada has trade talks with Lithuanian. Although if anyone reading this has influence in the country, please sort it out!

You can read more about Aira and her motivations for the performance here at Open Democracy. I expect I’ll be writing more about it here soon enough though!

Please rise for our polyglot anthem

International Herald Tribune op-ed pages

[I originally wrote this for the International Herald Tribune/NY Times, as the picture sort of shows. Feel free to read it on their website too]

Iraq’s politicians are set to reach agreement soon on an issue they have been arguing about for almost a decade: a new national anthem.

It may sound trivial, but Iraq has been searching for one ever since Saddam Hussein’s fall in 2003. The U.S. administrator, L. Paul Bremer III, selected the current song, “Mawtini” (My Homeland), after hearing it at a concert in 2004. But it was always meant to be a stopgap.

The reason it has taken so long is ethnicity. Any suggestions put forward over the years have soon collapsed over arguments about whether the author was Sunni, Shiite or Kurd, and what part he played in Saddam’s regime.

The proposed solution to these rows is a novel one. The main verse will be a poem by Iraq’s most famous writer, Muhammad al-Jawahiri — a choice no one can argue with. But the final words, “Long live Iraq,” will be sung in Arabic, Kurdish, Turkmen and even Assyrian.

In effect, politicians have have decided to create a multinational anthem, hoping it will make everyone finally feel they belong to the “new Iraq.”

It might have the desired effect. I’ve spoken to several Kurds about it, from footballers to civil servants, and they all felt it was a positive move — a sign that they are being accepted (Kurds make up 15-20 percent of Iraq’s population).

What’s surprising to learn, though, is that South Africa may be the only other country that has a multilingual anthem. Its anthem features five languages and has been widely celebrated as helping bring the country together after apartheid.

Perhaps it’s time we had more anthems like this.

At first glance, this may appear to be a silly suggestion. In the United States, for example, more than 12 percent of the population speaks Spanish at home, but just try to add a few words of it to the “Star-Spangled Banner.” The same goes for France, where no one would contemplate adding words in Arabic to the “Marseillaise,” despite the large North African populations.

But elsewhere the idea may not be so easily dismissed. Kosovo’s anthem has no words due to the sharp divide between Albanian and Serbian speakers. Having an anthem with both languages could be a way to foster a sense of national belonging.

A similar argument could be made in Belgium, where there are increasing calls for the Flemish-speaking region of Flanders and French-speaking region of Wallonia to part. The country’s anthem, the “Brabançonne,” can be sung in French, Flemish or German. Why not a new song featuring all three languages?

Changes like these are not necessary in countries where different ethnic groups speak the same or similar languages. Still, their anthems could also be rewritten to be more inclusive. Take Rwanda’s, “Beautiful Rwanda.” It talks about the “single language” joining the two main ethnic groups, the Hutu and Tutsi, who fought a vicious civil war in the 1990s. But it does not mention either by name. Would it not be better to spell out who people are, so everyone can identify themselves in the song, than hide the past?

A similar case could be made in Bosnia, where Croats, Serbs and Bosnian Muslims are at loggerheads over words for a new anthem. Maybe an anthem change could even help improve Catalonia’s relationship with the rest of Spain. The Spanish anthem, the “Marcha Real,” currently does not have any words, so at least they have a simple starting point.

Yes, there are practical issues with doing any of this. It would be difficult for many people to learn anthems in multiple languages, and it would be difficult to fit them all into a one-minute song, let alone a good one-minute song.

But if in five or 10 years’ time a new national identity is flourishing in Iraq and helping get a grip on its many problems, I wouldn’t be surprised if other countries start looking at the idea as one worth following.